One of the biggest myths out there about diabetes is that it is caused when you consume too much sugar either by way of processed sugary foods and drinks such as cakes, biscuits, chocolates and sodas. The truth is high blood sugar levels can be brought on by several other factors besides sugar. Some of the other common causes of diabetes include being overweight and leading a sedentary lifestyle. Having family members who are diabetic can also increase the risk.
What this means is simply cutting back on the amount of sugar you eat will not protect you from this disease. There are several lifestyle changes you will need to make in order to stay diabetes-free, but first, you must know how to recognize the symptoms. The earlier you recognize the symptoms, the earlier you can take proper steps to keep the condition under control.
Symptoms for Type One and Type Two Diabetes
Type one diabetes is often diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults but any age can be inflicted by it. Type one diabetes is characterized by beta cells producing less than the necessary amount of insulin that the body needs, sometimes it produces nothing at all.
Insulin is needed by the body because it is the hormone that facilitates blood sugar and utilizes the blood sugar to be converted into energy for the body to use. Without insulin, the body cannot function because there is no energy to fuel it. The following are the common symptoms type one diabetic patient experiences:
• Being very thirsty
• Feeling hungry
• Feeling tired or fatigued
• Having blurry eyesight
• Losing the feeling or feeling tingling in your feet
• Losing weight without trying
• Urinating more often
Patients with type one diabetes have a schedule for insulin injection and they also have a very specific diet that actually helps them from a having their levels of insulin becoming too high or too low.
Type two diabetes is considered to be the most common form of diabetes. It is a life - long disease and a chronic one.
Type two diabetes is characterized by the body not responding well to insulin. Unlike type one diabetes being characterized with having little to no insulin production, type two diabetes is characterized with having too much insulin. In type two diabetes, the blood sugar does not get into the cells to be stored for energy. When sugar cannot enter cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood, this is called hyperglycemia. Here are the symptoms for type two diabetes.
• Feeling very thirsty
• Going to the toilet a lot, especially at night
• Extreme tiredness
• Weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
• Itchiness around the vagina or penis
• Recurring thrush as a result of the excess glucose in your urine
• Blurred vision caused by the lenses of your eyes becoming very dry
• Cuts and sores taking longer than usual to heal
Heredity and lifestyle plays a key role in the development of type two diabetes. Those with parents who have a history of diabetes should be careful with their lifestyle as they are twice at risk of developing this disease.
Type two diabetics are advised to work closely with their dietician as to what kinds of foods should only be taken. Meal plans should fit the lifestyle and habits of the diabetic. Managing the weight and having a well-balanced diet is a must.